Río ‘92 | Río +10 | Río + 20
The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the Earth Summit, was a major UN conference held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992, 20 years after the historical UN conference on the human environment in Stockholm. The Earth Summit resulted in the climate change convention, the convention on biological diversity and the so-called Agenda 21. Specifically on forests and forest conservation, a set of non-binding ´forest principles´ were adopted.
Rio+10 was held in Johannesburg in 2002, as a sort of evaluation and follow-up on the implementation of the Rio-92 agreements, while in 2012, once again in Rio de Janeiro, the Rio+20 conference was held. During this last conference, with little concrete outcomes from the official event, the Peoples Summit, organized by social movements and non-governmental organizations, succeeded to gather about 50,000 people and resulted in an unedited joint Declaration, discussed in five thematic plenaries making an appeal in defence of the commons and against the mercantilization of life, as well as a collectively built Agenda of events and activities, endorsed by a broad range of participating social movements and non-governmental organizations.