World Rainforest Movement

Green Resources Mozambique: More False Promises!

Posted on Jan 9, 2018

Green Resources S.A., a company with mostly Norwegian capital, is considered to be the largest tree plantation company in Africa. The reality on the ground reveals serious land conflicts between the company and local communities, in Mozambique, Uganda and Tanzania. This article reflects the situation in Mozambique.

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Carbon Colonialism: Failure of Green Resources’ Carbon Offset Project in Uganda

Posted on Jan 9, 2018

The devastating impacts of Green Resources’ tree plantation and carbon offset project in Uganda exposes the limits of carbon markets. While villagers carry the social, environmental and other costs of this project by loosing access and control over their land, the company is allowed to profit even more from its destructive plantations, framing them as “carbon sinks”.

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Southern African women organising against the violence of extractivism

Posted on Jan 9, 2018

The extractivist paradigm in Southern Africa threatens the lives and livelihoods of peasant communities, in particular women and girls: From the Tete Province in Mozambique, where women confront water scarcity and pollution to Zimbabwe’s Marange community, where militarised and often sexualised violence haunts women’s daily lives.

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Food, forests and the unfolding crisis in Zambia

Posted on Jan 9, 2018

Zambia’s peaceful context and strategic geographical location, combined with a desperate hunger for foreign direct investment, positions the country at the frontline of the global wave of resources grabbing, the crisis of global capital and the capitalisation of climate change

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Large Hydropower Dams Are Not the Answer: Time to Rethink Africa’s Energy Infrastructure

Posted on Jan 9, 2018

The Programme of Infrastructure Development for Africa (PIDA) was adopted in 2012 with the aim of connecting the continent’s energy, transport, water and communication infrastructure. But what kind of infrastructure does “Africa” really need and who is getting more access with such initiative? This article looks into the hydropower dams proposed for PIDA

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Implications of Monoculture Tree Plantations in Mozambique: The Case of Portucel Mozambique

Posted on Jan 9, 2018

Industrial tree plantation projects in Mozambique are gaining more and more ground in processes of land acquisition and dispute. The Portuguese company, Portucel, has a “reforestation” plan through 2026 that aims to cover 356 thousand hectares.

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Food sovereignty in Zimbabwe: Mopane trees and local livelihoods

Posted on Jan 9, 2018

Over the past few years, the mopane worm population – found in isolated patches of dense forests in the driest parts of Zimbabwe, like in the Mazwi village – has been diminishing, threatening local livelihoods and food sovereignty.

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Industrial tree plantations in eastern and southern Africa

Posted on Jan 9, 2018

This article gives an overview on the industrial tree plantation expansion threat in eastern and southern African countries, its external drivers, as well as the challenges this expansion presents to affected communities struggling to defend their land and livelihoods.

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What are rights? Some lessons from struggle

Posted on Nov 23, 2017

In August 1838, a young man called Frederick Bailey escaped from slavery in Baltimore on the east coast of the United States (US). Less...

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REDD and Rights: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

Posted on Nov 23, 2017

The foundation of critical thinking, then, is in the dissent of the existing state of things and the search for alternatives, drawing from...

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Honduras and the Consultation Law: A trap that seeks to advance capitalism onto indigenous territories

Posted on Nov 23, 2017

Since ILO Convention 169 was ratified in 1995, indigenous peoples in Honduras have demanded the creation of a consultation mechanism to...

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Reflections on climate change, the rights of Indigenous Peoples and the right of Free, Prior and Informed Consent

Posted on Nov 23, 2017

Western colonialists and imperialists have for centuries pillaged and taken the lands, territories and natural resources of Indigenous...

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Brazil and land rights: A historical struggle that continues and intensifies

Posted on Nov 23, 2017

Interview to Roberto Liebgott, coordinator of “Regional Sul do Conselho Indigenista Missionário” – CIMI (The South Regional from the...

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Traditional land “rights” in West and Central Africa

Posted on Nov 23, 2017

In West and Central Africa, the many radically different ways in time and space of how people relate to and manage land reflects the many...

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The right to common

Posted on Nov 23, 2017

Enclosures have appropriately been called a revolution of the rich against the poor. (1) Commons are not just a “third way” beyond...

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What does rights of rivers mean?

Posted on Nov 23, 2017

In July 2017, on the banks of mighty River Narmada in central India, the sight of people performing rituals on the river bank, fishermen in...

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The Rights of Nature: A balance, 10 years after its constitutional recognition in Ecuador

Posted on Nov 23, 2017

Is it really possible to shift the dominant, colonial, Western paradigm—which sees nature and spaces as resources to be exploited,...

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Corporations as subjects with rights: An architecture of impunity

Posted on Nov 23, 2017

When we speak of rights, we almost always refer to the rights of individuals, peoples, and minorities who are fighting for a dignified,...

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Chad/Cameroon: Promises and realities of a World Bank funded oil project

Posted on Oct 2, 2017

The Chad/Cameroon Oil & Pipeline project (see WRM Bulletins 45, 41, 35, 14 and 2) is reaching critical milestones. Most construction...

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Honduras: Shrimp farmer as “offical delegate” to Ramsar

Posted on Oct 2, 2017

On 23 November, 2002, at the Eighth Conference of the Parties to the Ramsar Convention for the conservation of wetlands, held in Valencia,...

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FERONIA in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Harassment, violence and oppression

Posted on Sep 21, 2017

Oil palm plantations managed by the Canadian-based agribusiness company FERONIA Inc have been opposed by local residents ever since they...

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Eucalyptus and silent poisons: The expansion of plantations in the southernmost part of Bahia, Brazil

Posted on Sep 21, 2017

The process of territorial transformation in the southernmost part of Bahia is closely intertwined with agriculture in Brazil, and is based...

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SOCFIN’s plantations in Africa: many places of violence and destruction

Posted on Sep 21, 2017

Photo: SOCFIN In 2016, the multinational agro-industrial SOCFIN Group – controlled by the Belgian Fabri family (50.2 per cent of the...

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The Green Invasion: Promoting Plantations in India

Posted on Sep 21, 2017

Photo: Swarup Saha Forests? Or Plantations? According to data presented by the Forest Survey of India (FSI) in their biennial State of...

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Industrial teak tree plantations in Ecuador: occupying and destroying fertile lands and water sources

Posted on Sep 21, 2017

Teak is a native tree from Southeast Asia, and it played an important role in colonialism in that region. British loggers extracted most of...

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Greenwashing continues: FSC certifies industrial tree plantations as forests and RSPO oil palm plantations as sustainable

Posted on Sep 21, 2017

For over 20 year now, certification schemes such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)...

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Republic of Congo: “ATAMA Plantations is today a source of discontent for local communities and the entire nation”

Posted on Sep 21, 2017

In 2013, Wah Seong Berhad, a Malaysian company with no prior experience on palm oil, announced its decision to invest US 744 million...

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Frankentrees: Genetically engineered tree plantations threaten forests and communities

Posted on Sep 21, 2017

Photo: STOP GE Trees Campaign Genetically engineered (GE) trees are being developed to expand the existing disaster of industrial tree...

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Flying planes with palm oil? Oil palm companies could be the ultimate winners from ICAO’s “alternative fuel” plans

Posted on Sep 21, 2017

From 11th to 13th October, Mexico City will be hosting a High-Level “Conference on Aviation and Alternative Fuels” convened by the...

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Argentina: New law promotes tree plantations in Cordoba Province

Posted on Sep 21, 2017

Photo: Ecos Córdoba. Located in the central region of Argentina, Cordoba is one of the five largest provinces in the country. Between...

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Brazil, Mining and Biodiversity: From environmental degraders to environmental services providers: When the line between destroying and conserving is merely rhetorical

Posted on Aug 23, 2017

The parliamentary coup that brought Michel Temer’s illegitimate government to power, was not what set in motion one of the central...

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Biodiversity offsetting and biodiversity corridors in Asia: Nature destruction and protection acting in tandem

Posted on Aug 23, 2017

This year, 2017, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) celebrates its 50th anniversary. Since the Bank was founded, it has invested more than...

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Gabon: Plans to market carbon, biodiversity, ecosystems and community “capital”

Posted on Aug 23, 2017

In 2014, the Gabonese government passed a new “Sustainable Development” Law, which authorizes companies to compensate for the...

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Colombia: Environmental Offsets, Legitimizing Extraction

Posted on Aug 23, 2017

Colombia is one of the first Latin American countries to set up and implement specific rules and regulations on biodiversity offsets. In...

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Madagascar: The “offsetting non-sense”

Posted on Aug 23, 2017

“It is an absurdity, as well as an injustice that they take away our forest claiming that they want to protect it, while in reality...

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What goes behind the idea of biodiversity offsetting: The case of Nam Ngiep Dam in Lao PDR

Posted on Aug 23, 2017

The governments of Cambodia, Laos and Thailand are planning eleven large-scale hydropower dams on the Mekong River’s mainstream. If...

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An umbrella for non-compliance: “Air Quality Offsets” in South Africa

Posted on Aug 23, 2017

How air quality offsets were set in place Air quality offsets in South Africa are part of a push back against gains made in air quality...

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Kenya: International Finance Corporation throws lifeline to REDD+ project and provides greenwashing for the largest mining company in the world

Posted on Aug 23, 2017

BHP Billiton is the world’s largest mining and petroleum company running mines in 13 countries. Its main offices are in Melbourne,...

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Environmental offsets in Panama: A strategy that opens up protected areas to mining

Posted on Aug 23, 2017

Minera Panamá (MPSA), owned by Canadian company First Quantum, has a concession to conduct open-pit copper mining in the Donoso District,...

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Women in the anti-mining struggle in El Salvador: “We are that swarm of bees”

Posted on Jul 10, 2017

In March 2017 the people of El Salvador won a huge victory. The Metal Mining Ban ruled absolute prohibition on mining exploration,...

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The Philippines: Defending the defenders, defending their rights

Posted on Jul 10, 2017

Juvy Capion was an indigenous B’laan mother of three, and a staunch defender of their ancestral domain in South Cotabato, Philippines,...

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The Seed of Despair: Communities lose their land and water sources due to OLAM’s agribusiness in Gabon

Posted on Jul 10, 2017

“In these supposedly win-win contracts, I would like to know what our communities are gaining. On the contrary, we are losing and...

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Dercy Teles on the popular movement of rubber tappers in Brazil

Posted on Jul 10, 2017

Dercy Teles of Carvalho was the first female president of a Brazilian Rural Workers’ Union, in the town of Xapuri, Acre in 1981....

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Crisis and oil depletion in Venezuela: Mega-mining and new frontiers of extraction

Posted on Jul 10, 2017

Venezuela is well known for being one of the main oil exporters in the world, and now also because of the major crisis it is currently...

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Amazonian and Andean women in the VIII Pan-Amazonian Forum

Posted on Jul 7, 2017

How to make the sustainability of life the center of debate The VIII Pan-Amazonian Forum, held from April 28th to May 1st, 2017 in...

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Chile: Rebuilding productive resistance after the forest fires

Posted on Jul 7, 2017

At the beginning of 2017, the south central region of Chile suffered a wave of fires that lasted for several weeks and affected around...

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Water and Pulp: The North’s Thirst and the South’s Resistance

Posted on May 15, 2017

About fifty years ago, Aracruz Celulose, now called Fibria, replaced original Atlantic Forest with the first fast-growing eucalyptus...

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Manufactured demand: The policy drivers behind the relentless growth of palm oil

Posted on May 15, 2017

In Indonesia, the world’s biggest palm oil producer, oil palm plantations expanded ten-fold between 1985 and 2005/06, to 6.4 million...

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Meat & markets: pushing industrial meat everywhere

Posted on May 15, 2017

Meat consumption is soaring in many places of the world. If current trends continue global meat consumption will grow a further 76 per...

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Laundering illegal timber: How tropical wood stolen through land grab makes its way to the furniture store

Posted on May 15, 2017

In 2013, with 3.1 million cubic meters of tropical wood exported, primarily to China, Papua New Guinea (PNG) became in recent years the...

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“Green” oil palm plantations are a scam: The case of OLAM

Posted on May 15, 2017

How do major oil palm companies manage to get their palm oil sold as a “green”, “sustainable” and “climate-friendly” product...

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The Daily Struggle of Kichwa Women in Sarayaku, Ecuador

Posted on May 15, 2017

Foto: Esteffany Bravo S. It is almost lunchtime and Rita does not have firewood left for cooking. Equipped with an axe and a large basket,...

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The Ngäbe and Buglé Resistance: Keeping extractive industries out of their territories

Posted on May 15, 2017

With a history plagued by outrage and territorial imposition since colonization, the indigenous Ngäbe-Buglé peoples of western Panama...

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Food Production and Consumption: Resistance against domination

Posted on May 15, 2017

To begin to discuss in depth the production and consumption of food, especially in a country like Brazil, it is necessary to recall and...

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Women and Traditional Oil Palm: A Struggle for Life

Posted on May 15, 2017

Marie Crescence Ngobo coordinates the Sustainable Development Actors Network in Cameroon (RADD, by its French acronym). RADD works with...

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Large-scale investments and climate conservation initiatives destroy forests and people’s territories

Posted on Apr 4, 2017

Asia’s rapid economic growth and industrialisation are coming at an extremely high price for local communities, their environments and...

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Forest Conflicts in Thailand: State vs. People

Posted on Apr 4, 2017

  Thailand’s modern forest politics has had many phases. In the 19th century, the British began logging the country for teak....

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Myanmar: New policy promoting indigenous rights under threat

Posted on Apr 4, 2017

The last couple of years have been a period of significant change in Myanmar, most significantly represented by the victory of the NLD...

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Forest in India’s North East

Posted on Apr 4, 2017

  The region typically known as “India’s North East” or also referred to as just “North East” is linked tenuously with...

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Indonesia: Proposed laws threaten to reinstate corporate control over agrodiversity

Posted on Apr 4, 2017

  In 2012, the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia annulled key Articles of a 1992 Law on Plant Cultivation Systems. These...

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Fighting the Curse of Concessions in Cambodia

Posted on Apr 4, 2017

  The Pheapimex group is well known in Cambodia and abroad for large-scale investment deals that permit it unconstrained access to...

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Malaysia: Indigenous groups from around the globe discuss anti-dam struggles

Posted on Apr 3, 2017

  In December 2015, indigenous peoples in Sarawak, Malaysia, celebrated a major victory: the state government announced a moratorium and,...

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Cameroun: des communautés Baka déplacées par les Parcs nationaux de Lobéké et de Boumba

Posted on Feb 15, 2017

“Nous sommes nés dans la forêt et c’est là que nous faisons tout: cueillir, chasser et pêcher. Où veulent-ils que nous...

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The Paris Agreement Undermines the Global Campaign to Leave Oil in the Soil

Posted on Feb 7, 2017

Almost 20 years ago, in the Japanese city of Kyoto, the Oilwatch network along with over 200 other organizations launched the pioneering...

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The Paris Agreement: International Endorsement for Tree Plantation Companies to Start a New Cycle of Expansion

Posted on Feb 7, 2017

Many communities in countries in the Global South are fighting invasion of their lands by large-scale tree plantations. WRM has learned a...

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Main initiatives to expand tree plantations in Latin America, Africa and Asia

Posted on Feb 7, 2017

Years before governments adopted the Paris Agreement, international initiatives promising millions of hectares of reforestation and forest...

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REDD+ in the Paris Agreement secures funding for conservation industry while large-scale deforestation advances unhindered

Posted on Feb 7, 2017

The “conservation industry” – groups such as The Nature Conservancy, WWF, Conservation International, consultants and...

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Will the Paris Agreement Save Forests?

Posted on Feb 7, 2017

In December 2015, the Paris Agreement was celebrated with great fanfare. This agreement, part of the United Nations Framework Convention...

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Ibi Bateke tree planting project in DRC: Sold as the success it never was

Posted on Feb 6, 2017

Advertised as “ground-breaking” and the first CDM (1) project in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Ibi Bateke tree...

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From Biodiversity Offsets to Ecosystem Engineering: New Threats to Communities and Territories

Posted on Dec 8, 2016

At a meeting in a wixárika community in Jalisco, México, with organizations and villagers from other areas, the language we used to...

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Peoples’ traditional knowledge embedded in their territory versus “traditional knowledge” in the UN Convention on Biological Diversity

Posted on Dec 8, 2016

Interview with Blanca Chancoso, Kichwa member of the Otavalo peoples and vicepresident of ECUARUNARI – the Kichwa Confederation of...

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Trade deals threaten peasant farmer’s stewardship of seed biodiversity

Posted on Dec 8, 2016

Skilful selection and nurturing of the seeds best suited to a particular location are at the heart of peasant farming and agroforestry...

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“Reasons for Taking Legal Action”: New Resistance Movements to Defend Guatemalan Indigenous Communities’ Heritage

Posted on Dec 8, 2016

Guatemala is located in the heart of Mesoamerica. Its enormous cultural diversity is a historical legacy of the Mayan culture, in which...

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The Brazilian Biodiversity Law: Progress or Threat?

Posted on Dec 8, 2016

On May 20th 2015, then Brazilian president, Dilma Rousseff, approved Law 13.123/2015, which was published as the new Brazilian Legal...

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Financial Mechanisms in the CBD: Opening the Doors to More Privatization of Biodiversity

Posted on Dec 8, 2016

The CBD is a forum where organizations and movements can bring our positions and try to get them reflected in official documents. We do...

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Extractive Model: the dispossession of territories and the criminalization of protest in Central America

Posted on Oct 21, 2016

A war declared on peoples’ right to decide and to live Six months ago, in March of 2016, the news spread like lightning and the...

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Expansion of Oil Palm Plantations as State Policy in Central America

Posted on Oct 20, 2016

Historical, environmental, labor and economic aspects converge in the expansion of oil palm plantations in Central America. The...

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Madre Vieja: The River that Reached the Sea

Posted on Oct 20, 2016

Over 30 years ago, African palm came to the coastal municipalities of Tiquisate and Nueva Concepción. Both share a boundary with the...

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Neocolonialism and plantations on the Garifuna Coast of Central America

Posted on Oct 20, 2016

“In the constitution of this small, maritime banana republic was a forgotten section.” Cabbages and Kings, O. Henry The...

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The Extractive Mining Model: A Potential Threat to Biological Diversity in Mesoamerica

Posted on Oct 20, 2016

By MovimientoM4* Without a doubt, implementation of the extractive industries model as part of governments’...

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Defending the body-earth territory: an alternative for social movements in resistance (1)

Posted on Oct 20, 2016

The Rancho Grande municipality in northern Nicaragua is facing installation of an open-pit gold mine by Canadian company B2Gold. With over...

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Semuc Champey, Guatemala: Where the River Hides

Posted on Oct 20, 2016

They are not invaders, they named this territory It was the indigenous Maya Q’eqchi communities that named this magical place in the...

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Loss, Healing and Struggle

Posted on Aug 30, 2016

Ten years ago, the Indian writer Kiran Desai published a novel called The Inheritance of Loss, about the long-lived wounds and suffering...

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From “solastalgia” to “alegremia”

Posted on Aug 30, 2016

In 2003, Australian philosopher Glen Albrecht (1) coined the term “solastalgia” to define the combination of psychological disorders...

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Stories, identity and struggles: How local communities live with and talk about Mekong’s landscape

Posted on Aug 30, 2016

Different words, different sides When asked what this picture is about, you are likely to answer, “An atomic bomb” in English. Most...

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Endogenous knowledge, an effective weapon to combat land grabs in Africa

Posted on Aug 30, 2016

“This small family, the father, the mother and their two children, enters the sacred forest in order to find solutions to the illnesses...

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The Quechua-lamas vision of medicinal plants: a lesson from the high-altitude forests of Peru (1)

Posted on Aug 30, 2016

Modern people usually refer to medicinal plants as resources at the service of humans. This way of referring to them does not seem to be...

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“To enjoy full health, we want to make a difference”: A woman’s voice from the forests of Brazil

Posted on Aug 30, 2016

Francisca Maria is 36 years old, mother of 3 children, married for 17 years. She is also a leader in the community of São Raimundo. São...

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Nutrition from forests: forest communities and healthy lives

Posted on Aug 30, 2016

Despite the harmful consequences of the export-oriented and polluting model of the agribusiness industry for local communities, workers...

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Emerging without submerging: the challenge of international policies on the environment in Central Africa

Posted on Jul 13, 2016

Central Africa is flooded with regional and international initiatives to manage its natural resources. In this forest region par...

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Women and Property in Cameroon: Laws and Reality

Posted on Jul 13, 2016

The agricultural force on the continent In Cameroon as in many African countries, women daily endure practices that could be considered...

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DRC: Communities mobilise to free themselves from a hundred years of colonial oil palm plantations

Posted on Jul 13, 2016

Oil palms are native to the forests of Central and West Africa and inseparable from the region’s peoples and their cultures. Communities...

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Agribusiness, a step towards increased food dependency in Africa

Posted on Jul 13, 2016

The village of Yalifombo, on the banks of the Congo River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), was an essentially agricultural...

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Infrastructure, development and natural resources in Africa: A few examples from Cameroon

Posted on Jul 13, 2016

(*) In a world characterized by sluggish economic growth, Africa is often presented as the continent of the future, with average growth of...

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Protected Areas in the Congo Basin: Failing both people and biodiversity

Posted on Jul 13, 2016

(1) The creation of “protected areas” throughout the world is mainly based on a philosophy that originated in the United States (US)...

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Land grabbing: Tactics used by European actors abroad

Posted on Jul 13, 2016

(1) Current land grabbing practices include the capture of control of relatively vast tracts of land through a variety of mechanisms. In...

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A blueprint for environmental racism

Posted on May 9, 2016

In 1969, at the age of 3 my parents were forced to move from the home in which I was born, in a neighbourhood of people of all colours,...

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“Nigger” and “Nature”: Expanding the Concept of Environmental Racism

Posted on May 9, 2016

“Environmental racism” is a concept it’s hard to imagine environmentalism ever having done without. It names a reality that...

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“For a change of paradigm”: Interview with Tom Goldtooth from the Indigenous Environmental Network

Posted on May 9, 2016

What is the Indigenous Environmental Network? The Indigenous Environmental Network (IEN) was born in 1990 in North America of hope,...

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Out of the Grid: Resistance to Capitalist Mapping

Posted on May 9, 2016

For many, mapping is an unsuspicious technique that helps us orient ourselves in the world. What is often overlooked is that it matters a...

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