World Rainforest Movement

Letter sent to FSC to show that Veracel should not receive certification

We have recently learnt that Veracel has launched a process to obtain FSC certification for its plantations. It has hired the consulting company SGS for this purpose.

 Veracel – which belongs to the Swedish-Finnish company Stora Enso and the Norwegian-Brazilian company Aracruz Celulose – is attempting to obtain certification for its plantations established over 78,000 hectares in the extreme south of the State of Bahia and its impacts are causing major local resistance. As part of the certification process, SGS undertook the main assessment during the week of 23 to 27 July.

 In the letter below, our Brazilian companions provide us with sufficient arguments (both related with the impacts of the plantations and with the consultation process carried out by SGS for certification), to show that Veracel should not receive certification.


Letter sent to FSC to show that Veracel should not receive certification. 

We, the undersigned, men, women and young people, rural and urban workers, indigenous people, environmentalists, scientists, teachers, students, are perplexed over the news that the Veracel Celulose Company is trying to obtain the FSC seal for its monoculture eucalyptus plantations through the SGS certifier company.

Presently, FSC is considered to be the best known green seal in the world. Before even starting the certification process, the company has been disseminating false publicity, through a booklet sent to different social sectors. This material affirms that it is gaining FSC certification because the company has environmental, social and economic assets.

According to FSC’s Principles and Criteria, the seal seeks to promote management of the world’s forests based on three foundations, involving “environmentally responsible, socially beneficial and economically viable” behavior. The company only generates 741 jobs according to the information contained in Veracel’s Comprehensive Management Plan, while occupying an area of 105.241 hectares (this area is allocated to eucalyptus plantations and facilities). The number is appalling if the company’s territorial expansion in the Extreme South is considered together with the impoverishment of the population – previously primarily agricultural in terms of subsistence, comprising small rural properties. For example, in the locality Eunapolis, between 1996 and 2000, close on 7 thousand workers migrated from the rural areas (Source: Brazilian Geographical and Statistical Institute, IBGE). The plantations of papaya Hawaii covering 17,028 hectares, coffee covering 14,628 hectares and coconut covering 11,823 hectares, generated 27,750 jobs per year alone. (Sources: Eunapolis Rural Workers Trade Union and CEPLAC – Ministry of Agriculture). Eunapolis has had the highest rate of regional rural exodus over the past years, the figure increased by 59.37%, while the highest national rate is 28%. (Source: Centre for Research and Studies for the Development of the Extreme South-Cepedes). Since the beginning of the nineties, the arrival of monoculture eucalyptus plantations have made a decisive contribution to the exodus of farm workers, cowboys, cattle drivers, small farmers, cocoa bean workers and other workers from rural areas to the cities.

Furthermore, it is on the record that Veracel has been subject to several civil investigation proceedings in the localities of Eunapolis, Porto Seguro and Itagimirim, according to reports by the respective public prosecution offices. The company is involved in 883 (eight hundred and eighty-three) labour lawsuits in the Labour Court of the 5th Region. These are cases brought by workers, according to a list of lawsuits made available by the Judicial Powers in July 2007. Last April the company was ordered to pay labour compensations such as notice of dismissal, holiday pay, Fund to Guarantee Time in Service (FGTS) and fines to five former workers.

Non-compliance with security measures has already caused labour accidents, for example the one that took place on 30 March 2007 at Veracel, where three workers suffered second and third degree burns from chemicals and eight were intoxicated. The accident was caused by sodium sulphate used in maintenance of one of the pulp bleaching boilers. (Source: Newspaper O Sollo – Edition 101 of 13 April 2007).

According to the booklet prepared by Veracel on FSC, “Indigenous Peoples’ Rights” is the third of the 10 principles supposedly applied by the company: this does not correspond to the truth either. Part of the land claimed by the indigenous population of the Extreme South of Bahia, in their respective demarcation processes, is totally occupied by Veracel eucalyptus plantations, although historically this is an indigenous area. The company only recognizes three locations as indigenous areas: Imbiriba, Barra Velha and Águas Belas, ignoring 13 other communities, such as: Aldeia Guaxuma, Pé do Monte, Aldeia Nova do Monte Pascoal, Corumbauzinho, Craveiro, Alegria Nova, Tauá, Tiba, Cahy, Pequi, Trevo do Parque, Meio da Mata, and Boca da Mata.

The Company does not comply either with being “environmentally responsible,” given that logging and indiscriminate use of poisons in river areas and near springs (the Santa Cruz River) can easily be verified through the Federal Public Civil Proceedings and fines levied by the Brazilian Environmental and Natural Renewable Resources Institute (IBAMA) – the Federal Government’s official body responsible for the Environment. An example of this is IBAMA Offense Order number 368874 of 13/03/07. Furthermore, the Court stipulated through Recommendation nº 01 of 18/11/2005 that Veracel must comply with the law and remove the eucalyptus plantations from the surroundings of the three main National Parks in the Extreme South (Pau Brasil, Descobrimento and Monte Pascoal).

Another serious question is water which is being affected both in quantity and quality. In terms of the watershed, following the installation of these plantations, the volume of water available dropped considerably in the region (various testimonials gathered from inhabitants). The impacts on the flora and fauna are many and serious due to the vast tracts of eucalyptus plantations that are affecting many native species. In the area covered by eucalyptus trees, a considerable part of the flora has been exterminated by agrochemicals and many animal species have disappeared (Documents from Cepedes archives, photos, videos and testimonials and Offense Order 212132 dated 22/12/2005).

In February this year, the Ministry of Agriculture placed an attachment order on Veracel’s Chemical Waste Plant. This plant produced 10 000 m3 of industrial waste (fumes – biological sludge from the industry’s emission treatment station; eucalyptus biomass – a raw material extracted from washing the eucalyptus logs; Calcite Ash extracted from the boilers, sediments and sand). This product is sold without Ministry of Agriculture authorization to small farmers at R$ 10.00/m³ (ten reales). The company is not registered as a Company producing or Company marketing products aimed at agricultural activities with the Bahian Ministry of Agriculture and Department of Finance. This is a serious offense according to Law 6.894 of 16/12/1980, which stipulates the inspection and control of production and marketing of fertilizers, corrective products, inoculants, stimulants and bio-fertilizers for agricultural purposes. According to the Eunapolis Rural Workers’ Trade Union, there have been various accidents with rural workers using the product, such as bodily burns and total loss of plantations.

Another clear example of unsound behaviour is that the company took advantage of a “supposed” error of the Civil Registry Notary Office and obtained a certificate stating that it was not object of any legal actions, in order to obtain the ISO 14.001 seal. But, in fact, Veracel is responding to various legal actions according to the above mentioned office, following its admitting to the error in a document issued on 18 July 2007.

We also contest the process for assessment and recognition carried out by the certifier company SGS, considering that it is neither clear nor transparent:

 – Various organizations and institutions were not heard, nor did they even know about the process; this can be verified in documents received from numerous organizations and institutions;

 – How many forms did SGS issue? Who recommended these organizations? How many organizations answered the questionnaire? What localities were visited?

 – The scant organizations – members of the Socio-Environmental Forum of the Extreme South – that did receive the form sent a letter to SGS requesting a meeting. The letter also asked for a field visit together with organized civil society organizations that have been operating in the area for many years now as the auditors do not come from the region and do not know the Extreme South of Bahia. This request was not answered in a satisfactory manner because it was only on the morning of 23 July that Cepedes received a call from one of the auditors (Fabiano) to tell them that they would only be available on 23 or 24 July to meet with the Forum, later confirmed by SGS by e-mail at the request of Cepedes. We consider this to be a total lack of respect towards us because as soon as we received the documentation we answered that it would not be possible to meet on the proposed date as the organizations had prior engagements.

 – The few interviews held produced unsatisfactory results. For example the one that took place at the Chamber of City Councillors from the locality of Eunapolis. Only (3) three of the (10) ten Councillors were present and none of these had any knowledge of the subject. This is reported by one of their press advisors, Teonei Guerra. Also, according to Guerra, who participated in the meeting with the auditors, SGS will not promote a Public Hearing to listen to the community because it considers it to be more “productive” to have individual conversations with some sectors. It should be remembered that in October 2005 the Federal Government, through IBAMA, proposed holding a Public Hearing to discuss the issue of monoculture eucalyptus plantations in the area; nearly 3,000 people attended this Hearing. At that time it was evident that Aracruz and Veracel hired people to agitate and to make the hearing unviable (this was verified at the same hearing by the Bahian State Deputy, José Neto). It also became evident that regional society rejects monoculture eucalyptus plantations because of their extension, making unfeasible any initiative for the preservation and conservation of the Mata Atlantica or ecological corridors, Agrarian Reform, or peasant farming, among others. They also reject the companies’ forceful and disrespectful behaviour. Veracel advances with its plantations, invading rural communities. Recently it attempted to plant eucalyptus trees in Itapuã a neighbourhood in the city of Eunapolis. Other neighbourhoods exist in the city surrounded by eucalyptus plantations. The population is complaining as these plantations serve as a refuge for delinquents and a place to hide dead bodies. The companies’ lack of respect has no limits. Veracel planted eucalyptus trees in a graveyard located in the community of Ponto Maneca, some 7 kilometres from Eunapolis and put up a notice stating “Access guaranteed to family members of the dear ones buried here.” (Photos showing this evidence available in the archives of Cepedes and CDDH).

– The Environmental Secretariat of the locality of Eunápolis and SGS jointly arranged a meeting of the Municipal Environmental Council to be held on 24/07 with the presence of some councillors appointed by the Secretary, (people in his confidence), making most of the councillors indignant with this behaviour.

– We stress once again that the auditors took only 05 (five) days to make the field assessment in the 10 (ten) localities comprised in the area submitted for certification by the company. It is humanly impossible to do so considering the extension of the area and the number of districts, communities, institutions and organizations existing there

 We consider that a company such as Veracel Celulose, one of the symbols of the “development” model imposed in an arbitrary, illegal and violent way, giving rise to serious negative consequences and causing violence, poverty and hunger to the people of the Extreme South of Bahia, cannot be environmentally responsible, socially beneficial and economically viable.

For the traditional peoples and member organizations of the Socio-Environmental Forum of the Extreme South of Bahia and the Alert against the Green Desert Network, large-scale monoculture eucalyptus plantations are ecologically disastrous, socially unjust and economically perverse for the region. In this respect, they do not adjust to forest management Principles and Criteria validating certification.

Signed by:

1. Associação da Cidadania e Transparência da Terra Mãe – ACTTM. Brazil

2. Associação dos Engenheiros, Arquitetos e Técnicos de Eunápolis – ASSOCIENGE. Brazil

3. Comissão de Meio Ambiente da Ordem dos Advogados Bahia – Subseção Eunápolis. Brazil

4. Centro de Defesa dos Direitos Humanos – Teixeira de Freitas – CDDH. Brazil

5. Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas para o Desenvolvimento do Extremo Sul – CEPEDES. Brazil

6. Sindicato dos Bancários e Trabalhadores no Sistema Financeiro do Extremo Sul da Bahia. Brazil

7. Conselho Indigenista Missionário – CIMI – Equipe Extremo Sul. Brazil

8. Centro de Desenvolvimento Agroecológico do Extremo Sul da Bahia – TERRA VIVA. Brazil

9. Everton Berhmann Araújo – Estudante. Brazil

10. Federação de Órgãos para Assistência Social e Educacional – FASE/BAHIA. Brazil

11. Frente de Resistência e Luta Pataxó. Brazil

12. José Carneiro de Souza Neto – Engenheiro Agrônomo. Brazil

13. Movimento de Defesa de Porto Seguro – MDPS. Brazil

14. Sindicato dos Trabalhadores em Educação do Estado da Bahia – APLB Eunápolis. Brazil

15. Sindicato dos Empregados de Empresas de Segurança e Vigilância do Estado da Bahia – Sindivigilantes. Brazil

16. Sindicato dos Trabalhadores em Bares, Restaurantes, Hotéis, Pousadas, Condomínios Residenciais, Flats Services, Bingo, Parques Aquáticos e Similares do Extremo Sul da Bahia – SINTHOTESB. Brazil

17. Sindicato dos Trabalhadores em Rádio TV e Publicidade – SINTERP – Delegacia Eunápolis – Bahia. Brazil

18. Comissão Executiva do Plano da Lavoura Cacaueira – CEPLAC – Aliomar Figueredo Benfica – Eunápolis/ Bahia. Brazil

19. Federação dos Trabalhadores na Agricultura FETAG- BAHIA. Brazil

20. Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais de Eunápolis. Brazil

21. Movimento de Defesa de Porto Seguro. Brazil

22. Elizaer Lucas Tavares Leite – Engenheiro Agrônomo. Brazil

23. APROMAC, associação de proteção ao meio ambiente de Cianorte / PR. Brazil

24. AMAR – Associação de Defesa do Meio Ambiente de Araucária (Araucária – Paraná) . Brazil

25. Sindicato dos Trabalhadores no Comércio de Teixeira de Freitas – SINDEC. Brazil

26. Associação de Moradores e Amigos de Santo André – AMASA. Brazil

27. Espaço Cultural da Paz – Teixeira de Freitas. Brazil

28. Movimento de Trabalhadores Assentados e Acampados e Quilombolas – CETA regional Sul. Brazil

29. Comissão Pastoral da Terra – Diocese Itabuna. Brazil

30. Conselho Indigenista Missionário CIMI – Equipe Sul. Brazil

31. Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais – STR de Santa Luzia. Brazil

32. Comunidades Eclesial de Base – CEBS Diocese Itabuna. Brazil

33. Movimento de Mulheres do CETA – Regional Sul. Brazil

34. Juventude Camponesa – Região Sul Bahia. Brazil

35. Comunidade Indígena Pataxó Hã Hã Hã – Pau Brasil. Brazil

36. Associação dos Índios Tupinambá da Serra do Padeiro – AITSP . Brazil

37. Comunidade Tupinanbá – Oliveira. Brazil

38. Pastoral da Juventude – Diocese Itabuna. Brazil

39. Conferência dos Religiosos do Brasil – CRB Núcleo Itabuna. Brazil

40. Movimento de Pequenos Agricultores – MPA Vit. Conquista. Brazil

41. ARES – Associação Para o Resgate Social – Camacan/Bahia. Brazil

42. Conselho de Cidadania Paroquial da Santa Rita – Itabuna. Brazil

43. CEB’s Paróquia Santo Antonio – Ubaitaba. Brazil

44. CEB’s Paróquia Nª Sª do Carmo – Ibirapitanga. Brazil

45. Centro de Estudo de Bíblicos CEBI – Núcleo de Ilhéus. Brazil

46. Associação Cultural Beneficente Antônio Pereira Barbosa ACAPEB – Gongogi. Brazil

47. Irmãs Agostinianas Recoletas de Itabuna. Brazil

48. Pastoral Carcerária de Itabuna. Brazil

49. Irmãs Catequistas Franciscanas de Itabuna. Brazil

50. Fórum de Educação do Campo – Regional Sul. Brazil

51. Conselho de Leigos do Vicariato Sul – Diocese de Itabuna. Brazil

52. Grupo Ambientalista da Bahia – GAMBÁ. Brazil

53. Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais STR – Mucuri. Brazil

54. Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais STR – Alcobaça. Brazil

55. Associação de Pais e Amigos dos Excepcionais – APAE Eunápolis. Brazil

56. Federação de Órgãos Para Assistência Social e Educacional – FASE/ES. Brazil

57. Marilda Telles Maracci – Geógrafa – Vitória/ES. Brazil

58. Arlete Maria Pinheiro Schubert – Historiadora – Vila Velha / ES. Brazil

59. CPT/MG – Comissão Pastoral da Terra – MG. Brazil

60. Movimento Anarcopunk – ES. Brazil

61. Grupo Motim de Teatro – ES. Brazil

62. Fórum de Mulheres do ES. Brazil

63. MPA/ES – Movimentos dos Pequenos Agricultores do ES. Brazil

64. Priscila Albani Trés – Técnica em Agropecuária – São Gabriel da Palha/ES. Brazil

65. Allan Jhonny de Lima Légora – Técnico em Agropecuária – São Gabriel da Palha/ES. Brazil

66. Weberson Barbieri – São Gabriel da Palha/ES. Brazil

67. Raul Ristow Krause – Técnico em Agropecuária – São Gabriel da Palha/ES. Brazil

68. Brigada Indígena – ES. Brazil

69. Sindicato dos Bancários do ES. Brazil

70. Celeste Ciccarone – Antropóloga – Universidade Federal do ES – UFES. Brazil

71. Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra – ES. Brazil

72. Instituto de Estudos Socioeconômicos (Inesc). Brazil

73. Ricardo Weibe Nascmento Costa – Associação das Comunidades dos Índios Tapeba – ACITA e Associação dos Professores Indígenas Tapeba – APROINT. Brazil

74. Centro Ecológico / RS. Brazil

75. Tania Pacheco, Grupo de Trabalho contra o Racismo Ambiental, da Rede Brasileira de Justiça Ambiental. Brazil

76. Vicente de Moraes Cioffi. Forum Permanente Em Defesa da Vida. Nucleo Regional do Plano Diretor Participativo. São José dos Campos – SP – Vale do Paraiba – Brazil

77. Vladimir Oganauskas Filho. Diretório Central do Estudantes da Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Associação Brasileira dos Estudantes de Engenharia Florestal. Brazil

78. Vera Ribeiro – GeaSphere. Mozambique

79. João Forte – Geógrafo Físico – Alvaiázere. Portugal

80. Cimi Mato Grosso do Sul. Brazil

81. Jadson Silva Hombre – Graduando Biologia UNEB campus X – BAHIA. Brazil

82. Rodrigo Matta Machado, Brazil

83. Janaina Marques de Miranda Lisboa – Engenheira Agrônoma – Viçosa – MG. Brazil

84. Carlos A. Vicente. Acción por la Biodiversidad. Argentina

85. Luciana Queiroz. Instituto Terramar. Brazil


87. Movimento Sem Terra – Brazil

88. Via Campesina – Brazil

89. THYDEWAS, Brazil.

90. MONICA DIAS MARTINS – professora da Universidade Estadual do Ceara.Brazil

91. Abiancy Cardoso ( Bia Cardoso), Brazil.

92. Movimento dos Pequenos Agricultores – MPA- RS. Brazil

93. Gabriel Moser Galvão Menezes – Instituto PermaYoga – PR. Brazil

94. Talita Moser Galvão Menezes – Instituto PermaYoga – PR. Brazil

95. Miguel Pedro Alves Cardoso – Antropólogo – INCRA/RJ. Brazil

96. RAP-AL Uruguay

97. Osvaldo Nicolás Pimpignano, INICIATIVA RADIAL. Argentina

98. Grupo Guayubira. Uruguay

99. Lic Carmen N. Campos. Lomas Eco. Argentina

100. GT Ambiente AGB-Rio e AGB-Niteroi. Brazil

101. Associação dos Geógrafos Brasileiros

102. Dra. Silvia B. González. Argentina

103. Amarildo Carvalho de Souza, Assessor Formação e Organização Sindical da CONTAG. Brazil

104. Gustavo Vallejo

105. Joan Vicenç Lillo i Colomar

106. REDES-Amigos de la Tierra.Uruguay


108. Elder Santos Almeida.

109. Walter Marschner – Sociólogo ASSESOAR – Francisco Beltrão – PR

110. Ismael Gonzalez. Cuba

111. Yunin Aguilar Vásquez, Mexico

112. Programa de Bosques y Biodiversidad. Amigos de la Tierra Internacional.

113. Asociación Amazónicos por la Amazonía – AMPA. Perú

114. James Hewitt. United Kingdom

115. Marco Vinicio López Maldonado. Comisión Pastoral Paz y Ecología -COPAE- San Marcos, Guatemala.

116. Augusto Marcos Santiago. Brazil

117. Gina Nascimento Pereira – Secretaria de jovens da fetagri-amazonas. Brazil

118. Sandy Gauntlet, PIPEC NZ. New Zealand

119. Luis Marin, Neem Exquisite. Curacao, Antillas Holandesas

120. Adela Álvarez- Argentina

121. Humberto Nadal-Argentina

122. Alberto Villalba, F.I.T. – C.E.A.T.L. – I.F.R.R.O

123. Sui-Yun

124. Francisco del Valle – www.RainforestSprings.Org . United States

125. Freddy Vargas Ramírez. Coordinador SINERGIAS Institucionales. Fundación AMAZONIA EWARE

126. Pastoral da Juventude Rural do Brasil. Brazil

127. Melisa Luyo Lucero/ Profesora Maestría Estudios Amazónicos – Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Peru

128. Consuelo Kuettner-Sandoval MBA-PM

129. COMPITCH. Mexico

130. Argemiro BURGOS-FONSECA. Venezuela

131. Gvbam Logko Pikunwijimapu- Consejo de Lonko Norte de los Territorios del Sur

132. Rivani Noor, CAPPA, Indonesia

133. Rully Syumanda. Indonesian forum for environment/WALHI. Indonesia

134. Gathuru Mburu of Institute for Culture and Ecology

135. Women Organising for Change in Agriculture and NRM. Nepal

136. Asian Indigenous Women’s Network

137. Reinhard Behrend. Rettet den Regenwald e. V.. Germany

138. Alejandro J. Rodríguez Vélez. Mexico

139. Miguel Angel Soto. Greenpeace Spain

140. Rafael Chumbimune Sanabria. Amazonica Plantaciones S. CH Peru

141. Marta Amorós i Castellà. Ingeniera Forestal, Pirineos

142. African Centre for Biosafety

143. Angel Maria Ibarra Turcios. Unidad Ecológica Salvadoreña

144. Irma Lorena Acosta Reveles. Académica del Posgrado en Ciencia Política. Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, México

145. Simon Counsell, Rainforest Foundation. UK

146. Solly Singh Keep Phoenix Clean

147. Syed Liyakhat, EQUATIONS, India.

148. Jim Wickens. Ecostorm. UK

149. Valerie Tomlinson – Forest campaigner – Camel Area Friends of the Earth

150. The Bruno Manser Fonds, Association for the Peoples of the Rainforest, Basel / Switzerland

151. Jesús Montero. Coeditor de Spain

152. Dima Litvinov, Forests Campaigner. Greenpeace Nordic

153. Komitee gegen den Vogelmord, Germany



156. Rainer Weisshaidinger. Bruno Manser Fonds

157. Steffen Keulig, Chairman of Freunde der Naturvölker e.V. German Branch of the

World Wide Network “friends of Peoples close to Nature”. Germany

158. Arlete Ieda Pasqualetto – Geógrafa – Associação dos Geógrafos Profissionais/RS. Brazil

159. Julian T. Bakker, Director. Latin America Environmental Society Amsterdam, Holland

160. Alejandra Parra Muñoz, Koyam Newen de Temuco, Chile.

161. Raúl Aramendy, Director, CEMEP-ADIS, Posadas, Misiones, Argentina

162. Pablo Paradella, SERPAJ-Misiones. Argentina


164. Kevin Anderson, Leeds Friends of the Earth, England

165. Arlete Ieda Pasqualetto – Geógrafa – Associação dos Geógrafos Profissionais/RS. Brazil

166. Carolina Peixoto Ferreira, Analista Ambiental do IBAMA. Brazil

167. Glaucia Pereira de Sousa – Analista Ambiental do IBAMA. Brazil

168. Josiney Aniká dos Santos – Indígena da aldeia Estrela / Oiapoque. Brazil

169. Working Group on Rainforests and Biodiversity. Germany

170. Asamblea Fiske Menuco (Gral. Roca) Contra el Saqueo y la Contaminación

171. Sociedad Ecológica Regional Alto Valle

172. Hilary Sandison – filmmaker – London-Paris-Montevideo

173. Grupo de Educação Ambiental Mamangava – RS. Brazil

174. Círculo Ambiental Guatemala.

175. Observatorio Ambiental Latinoamericano y del Caribe

176. MANUEL NIQUE ALVAREZ, Universidad Nacional Agraria de la Selva, Peru.

177. Pedro Goenaga, Med. Vet. M. Sc. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria INTA Pergamino

178. Antonio Lomas Cuarto año de ing. en gestion ambiental, UTEQ, Ecuador

179. Iván Marcelo Pachay Yépez. Quevedo-Ecuador

180. Yury Naranjo Sánchez. Estudiante Universidad de Cádiz – España

181. Herney Patiño – Grupos Ecológicos de Risaralda GER. Colombia

182. Red Manglar Peru

183. Asociacion de Conservacion Tumbes Silvestre-Tumbes Peru

184. Cyrille Baud. Résistances- Terre des jeunes “marais breton”

185. Oliver Michael Martinez Hodgson, Chile

186. Líder Góngora F., Secretario Ejecutivo de Redmanglar Internacional, Ecuador

187. Jorge Varela Márquez. Director Ejecutivo, Comité para la Defensa y Desarrollo de la Flora y Fauna del Golfo de Fonseca (CODDEFFAGOLF). Honduras

188. Jorge Acosta González, del Grupo de Estudios Ambientales, AC, de México

189. Gonzalo Arijon. Colectivo ALTERdoc / ONG audiovisual. Francia- Uruguay

190. CESE – Coordenadoria ecumênica de Serviço. Brazil

191. Migdalia Valdez del Grupo de Estudio y Trabajo “PUEBLO Y CONCIENCIA” Venezuela

192. Movimento de Mulheres Camponesas – RS. Brazil

193. Víctor Villalobos Sánchez. Mexico

194. Mandy Haggith, worldforests, Scotland

195. Enrique Bostelmann T.

196. Asociación Ambientalista Eco La Paz. Federación Amigos de la Tierra Argentina

197. Lorena Ojeda Diaz, Agrupacion Ambientalista Koyam Newen, Temuco. Chile

198. Gonzalo Hernández, Mexico

199. Karl Kerschgens, Germany

200. Global Justice Ecology Project

201. Freddy G Burgos, Argentina

202. Sharon Ramos Solimano – Lima Perú



205. Paula Palmer, Executive Director, Global Response. USA

206. Angela Parra, Colombia

207. Centro de Apoio ao Pequeno Agricultor –CAPA. Brazil

208. Núcleo de Santa Cruz do Sul – RS – Brazil

209. Mauricio Fierro, Geoaustral. Chile

210. Almuth Ernsting, Biofuelwatch, United Kingdom

211. Daniel Otal, Alas para la Comunicación Popular. Argentina

212. Helen Leake, Forest Peoples Programme


214. Ing. Freddy Zebadúa, CEEP, SC.

215. Emilio lópez Jiménez, Comite de Voluntarios para el Mejoramiento Ambiental, A. C. de Juchitán, Oaxaca, Mexico

216. Ing. Juana Eulalia Martínez Hernández. Mexico

217. Coordenação Regional Mata Atlântica- ABEEF (Associação Brasileira de Estudantes de Engenharia Florestal). Brazil

218. Dra. Beatriz Castilla. Ak Kanantik Ak Ka’ax. A.C. Solferino, Q.Roo. Mexico

219. José Salazar. Sustentabilidad Operativa en Solferino.SOS. Quintana Roo. Mexico

220. Ana Maria Salvagni / musicista / Campinas-SP. Brazil

221. AACULT – Associação de Ação Cultural de São Luiz do Paraitinga

222. Cesar Augusto. Portugal

223. Thiago Leite, Incra – Superintendência Regional 19 (RN). Brazil

224. Antonieta Umaña, Costa Rica

225. Madeleine Porr, En Buenas Manos e.V. Germany

226. John Seed, Rainforest Information Centre. Australia

227. Angela Howe Missen

228. Carbon Trade Watch

229. Transnational Institute

230. Lucas Chiappe, “Proyecto Lemu”, Asociacion Lihuen-Antu. Argentina

231. Federico Koelle, Fundación Cerro Verde, Guayaquil, Ecuador

232. Martin Castro Dominguez, Mexico

233. Thomas Kesselring, Professor de filosofia, Universidade Pedagógica de Berna. Switzerland

234. The Rural Research & Development Training Center, Laos

235. Ricardo Quiñones A, EXITO FAMILIAR DEL PERU

236. Rev. Andreas Riekeberg, Ev.-luth. Pfarramt St. Thomas Wolfenbuettel, Germany

237. Isabel Schimmerling, Mujer y Patriarcado. Uruguay

238. Comisión Multisectorial, Uruguay

239. Alicia Zarate – Proyecto de arte Agua ¿oro azul? Argetina

240. Secretaría Técnica de Desarrollo del Cantón Arenillas, El Oro, Ecuador

241. Sara Martínez Frías, Spain

242. Muriel Arnal. Présidente fondatrice, One Voice. France

243. Citizens International

244. Guillermo Perez Mayo, ASCAAT

245. The Corner House

246. Society for Threatened Peoples. Germany

247. Marc Roberts / Throbgoblins International

248. Dieter Kaufmann Dritte Welt Haus Frankfurt, Germany


250. A Rede Brasileira para Conservação dos Recursos Hídricos e Naturais AMIGOS DAS ÁGUAS. Brazil

251. Organização Sócio Ambientalista Joguelimpo, Brazil

252. Förderverein für umweltverträgliche Papiere und Büroökologie Schweiz (FUPS), Switzerland


254. Beatriz Osorio Stumpf, Brazil

255. Pei Jen Shieh, Brazil

256. Ricardo de Soto, GuardaMar, Puerto Rico

257. Derli Casali, Movimento dos pequenos Agricultores-PE. Brazil

258. Greenpeace, UK

259. Meghan Hunt, USA

260. Dr.Guillermo Calvo. Peru

261. Pedro Pozas Terrados, Director ejecutivo, Proyecto Gran Simio. Spain

262. Alfredo Quarto, Mangrove Action Project

263. Rafael Delgado Pérez, Spain

264. Carlos Amorín, Rel-UITA

265. Núcleo de Trabalho de Agroecologia. Associação Brasileira dos Estudantes de Eng. Florestal. Brazil

266. Hugh Lee, Ireland

267. STOP Genetically Engineered Trees Campaign

268. Huelber Karl, Vienna Institute for Nature Conservation & Analyses

269. Angeles Leonardo, Argentina

270. Agencia de Promoción para el Desarrollo – APD (ONG). Paraguay

271. Dr. José Augusto Regúnega Trigüis, Paraguay

272. Consultoría y Servicios de Programas para el Desarrollo – Coprode, Paraguay

273. Cordinadora de asambleas ciudadanas Chilecito La rioja. Argentina

274. Autoconvocados por la vida. Dpto Famatina La Rioja. Argentina

275. Carolina Peixoto Ferreira – Analista Ambiental do IBAMA, Brazil

276. Glaucia Pereira de Sousa – Analista Ambiental do IBAMA, Brazil

277. Josiney Aniká dos Santos – Indígena da aldeia Estrela / Oiapoque, Brazil

278. Asociación Agropecuaria Nuevo Tiwinsa – Ucayali – Peru

279. Agropecuaria Industrial Río Neshuya, Peru

280. Asociación de Productores Agropecuarios Cordillera Azúl – Padre Abad- Ucayali Pery.

281. Raimundo gomes da Cruz Neto, Centro de Educação, Pesquisa e Assessoria Sindical e Popular – CEPASP Marrabá – PA. Brazil

282. Coastal Development Partnership(CDP), Khulna, Bangladesh

283. Taller Ecologista Rosario. Argentina

284. Sindicato de Camioneros, Obreros y Empleados del Transporte Automotor de Cargas de la Provincia de Santa Fe. Argentina

285. Andrea Damacena Martins – Holland

286. Kekhrie Y Angami, Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights, Nagaland

287. Coedin ( Comissão de Educadores Indígena). Brazil

288. GabrielaAlvarez. Argentina

289. Debora Mendonça Silveira. Brazil

290. Ecologistas en Acción, Spain

291. La Comunidad Agrícola Diaguita Los Huasco Altinos. Chile

292. Otros Mundos, A.C. Chiapas, México

293. Leopoldo Salmaso, European Representative of TANDEM, Tanzania

294. MANIK CHANDRA DAS, Bangladesh


296. Helena Paul, EcoNexus, UK

297. Werner Weindorf, Germany


299. Francisco Valdés-Perezgasga, Prodefensa del Nazas, A.C.Mexico

300. Maritza S. Guillen, Consultora, Honduras

301. Angeles Sánchez Braojos. Presidenta, Acción para el Desarrollo y la Igualdad. Madrid, Spain

302. OFRANEH, Organización Fraternal Negra Hondureña. Honduras

303. Kareen Urrutia Estevez. Greenpeace, Russia.


305. Wilson Aparecido Lopes, Brazil.

306. Miriam Aprigio Pereira Historiadora e membro do Quilombo dos Luízes. Brazil


308. Anders Bringskog.

309. Instituto Políticas Alternativas para o Cone Sul. Brazil

310. Eloah Margoni, SODEMAP Piracicaba-SP. Brazil

311. Greenpeace, New Zealand

312. Christoph Thies, Greenpeace International.- FSC Representative

313. Urbelinda Ferrufino, Asocacion Ecologica del Oriente Santa Cruz – Bolivia

314. Lars Krause, Germany

315. John Haughton, Forest Friends Ireland/Cáirde na Coille. Ireland

316. NOAH – Friends of the Earth. Denmark

317. Bernardo Dias Carneiro. Brazil


319. Lucia Antonio. activista Oaxaca, Mexico

320. Geasphere Swaziland

321. Jorge Luis Baldo, VICAM, Capitulo Regional NOA de la Sociedad de la Biologia de la Conservación. Jujuy-Argentina.

322. O COATI-Centro de Orientação Ambiental Terra Integrada – Jundiaí – Brazil

323. Luciana Oliveira Pereira – estudante. Brazil.

324. Juan Ñanculef Huaiquinao, Investogador Historiador Mapuche. CHILE

325. Nou Sud .- Cooperación Internacional ES

326. EXPn.-red de cooperación écnica.- ES

327. Marc Masmiquel Mendiara.- diseñador gráfico.- ES

328. Edite Lopes de Souza, AGÊNCIA 10ENVOLVIMENTO, Coordenadora do Setor Meio Ambiente. Brazil

329. Juan N. Rojas, CPIC – El Salvador

330. Mauricio Vanegas. Funprocoop – El Salvador




334. Solveig Firing Lunde, Rainforest Foundation Norway

335. ABRAÇO-BA – Assoc. Baiana de Radiodifusão comunitária, Brazil

336. FNDC-BA -Comitê da Bahia do Forum Nacional Pela Democratização da Comunuicação, Brazil

337. Boris Gamboa Valladares. Unión de Amigos para la Protección del Ambiente. Costa Rica

338. Alfred Albano, Palawan Ecology Protection & Enterprise Works Center, Palawan, Philippines

339. Greenpeace Netherlands

340. Edgar Giraldo Alzate, GREEN CIVIL SOCIETY. USA

341. Servicios para una Educación Alternativa, Oaxaca, México. EDUCA

342. Agenda 21 Itapuã – Salvador – Bahia. Brazil

343. Isabel Villela – Jornalista – Salvador – Bahia. Brazil

344. C. Francisco Jara Celis Presidente del Comisariado de Bienes Comunales de la comunidad Indígena de San Juan Jaltepec, Municipio de Santiago Yaveo, Oaxaca, México

345. Teodosio Angel Molina.-Unión de Comunidades Indígenas de la Zona Norte del Istmo, Oaxaca, UCIZONI. Mexico.


347. World Rainforest Movement

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