World Rainforest Movement


The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is a certification scheme, set up in 1993, to certify, based on a set of principles and criteria, so-called “sustainable forest management”. In 1996, it decided to also certify industrial tree plantations, leading to many protests around the world from communities and supportive organizations, regarding the many negative impacts that involve such plantations for local communities. Also questions have been raised around the true sustainability of the model of “sustainable forest management”.


Articles from the WRM Bulletin

Books and Briefings

Other Relevant Information