World Rainforest Movement

WRM bulletins

Bulletin 242 – Jan/Feb 2019

Download the bulletin as PDF

This Bulletin articles are written by the following organizations and individuals: Avispa Midia, the Mulokot Foundation Suriname, Rainforest Foundation UK, All India Forum of Forest Movements (AIFFM), The Oakland Institute and members of the WRM international secretariat.


  • Beyond Forests: Conservation NGOs have Turned into “Companies”

    Before, conservation organizations were focused on raising money to create protected areas in forests supposedly threatened with destruction; today, they constitute a bona fide transnational “industry” that manages and controls areas that go far beyond forests.


  • The Conservation Industry: a for-profit sector?

    Conservationist NGOs are increasingly making partnerships with companies that, in fact, are the main drivers of environmental and social disasters. Even worse, they portray their corporate partners as the willing participants of the “solutions”. But, which solutions are they seeking? And solutions for whom?

  • Indigenous Baiga women in India: “Our story should be heard”

    Despite the harassment from Forest Department guards, who tried to prevent the Fulwaripara village to submit their claims for recognition of their land under the Forest Rights Act, the village managed to do so. Yet, their claim was not completed. Now, they face again the threat of eviction.

  • The Wayana Indigenous Peoples in Suriname and Conservation NGO’s: A “true love” story?

    Conservationist NGOs working in Suriname have increased the pressure for Wayana Indigenous Peoples. After years of harsh top-down ways of dealing with forest communities, the Wayana have decided to seek for their own path, one that follows their own way of thinking and living.

  • Displacement and Dispossession in Tanzania: How “Conservation” is Destroying the Maasai

    For the past eighty years, the Maasai have been displaced and dispossessed of their land, livelihoods, and more in Northern Tanzania, all under the guise of “conservation.” This article traces the origins of this dispossession through to present day struggles, calling for international solidarity.

  • Guatemala: Conservation Perpetuates the Plunder of Forests

    The creation of the Maya Biosphere Reserve has been legitimizing a destructive model: infrastructure and energy projects, hand-in-hand with Protected Areas “without people.” While conservation NGOs fatten their portfolios, peasant and indigenous communities are displaced, or conditioned to depend on NGOs and the market.

  • The Human Cost of Strictly Protected Areas in the Congo Basin

    In Africa’s Congo Basin the many promises of rights-based and participatory conservation have miserably failed to materialise. For communities living in and around protected areas, the reality continues to be one of dispossession, impoverishment and widespread human rights abuses.