Mouvement mondial pour les forêts tropicales

Chile – WRM information sheet on GE tree research

Disponible uniquement en anglais et espagnol.

 

WRM information sheets on GE tree research

First posted: 1 August 2008
Last update: August 2014

Tree species being manipulated:

  • Pine (Pinus radiata)
  • Eucalyptus ( globulus)

Aim of genetic manipulation

  • resistance to pine shoot moth (Ryacionia buoliana) (2)
  • resistance to the pitch canker fungus (Fusarium circinatum) in pines (5)
  • resistance to fungus (Mycosphaerella) that attacks Eucalyptus leaves (6)
  • faster growth (eucalyptus) (1)
  • higher cellulose content in wood (Eucalyptus globulus) (2) – second generation biofuels (10)
  • increased resistance to cold (Eucalyptus globulus) (7)
  • more efficient water consumption and resistance to drought in eucalyptus (10)

Those carrying out the research:

  • GenFor: a joint venture between Cellfor (Canada), Interlink (USA) and Fundación Chile (2)
  • Consorcio Genómica Forestal S.A (operates in the University of Concepción’s Biotechnology Centre in the Bio Bio Region) (2)
  • VitroGen S.A. (7)

Those who provide support to research:

  • INFOR – Forestry Institute (part of the Ministry of Agriculture) ()
  • Fundación Chile (Chile Foundation), supported by the Chile government and BHP Billiton (9)
  • Universities of Concepción (2), Austral (8) and Frontera (6)
  • Bioforest (controlled by Bosques Arauco) (8).
  • Forestal Arauco supports the Consorcio Genómica Florestal (2, 11)
  • Forestal Mininco supports the Consorcio Genómico Florestal (2, 11)
  • CEFOR (empresa de la Universidad Austral) (9)
  • CORMA (6)
  • DEMEGEN Inc (6)

Regulatory framework for research and field trials:

  •  An Advisory Committee on the Release of GMOs (Comisión Asesora de Liberación de Transgénicos – CALT), headed by the Agricultural Service (SAG), establishes the biosecurity requirements for transgenic crops in Chile (3)

Organizations opposing GE trees:

  •  Red por un Chile libre de Transgénicos (4)

Sources:

  1. http://www.wrm.org.uy/oldsite/bulletin/126/Brazil_Chile.html
  2. http://wrm.org.uy/books-and-briefings/genetically-modified-trees-the-ultimate-threat-to-forests/
  3. http://www.eumed.net/cursecon/ecolat/cl/srn-transg.htm
  4. http://www.ecosistemas.cl/1776/article-71418.html
  5. http://www.genomicaforestal.cl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=11&Itemid=18#
  6. http://www.ufro.cl/laboratorio/hongos.html
  7. http://www.ufro.cl/prensa/doc/2004/Mayo/31-06/31mayo%20-austral%20Campo%20Sure%F1o-%20Vitrogen%20tiene%20su%20propia%20verdad.pdf
  8. http://www.mapuexpress.net/content/publications/print.php?id=84
  9. http://www.kaosenlared.net/america-latina-sp-1870577476/al/chile/90693-chile-%C3%A1rboles-transg%C3%A9nicos-el-nuevo-y-nefasto-impulso-de-la-industria-forestal
  10. http://www.genomicaforestal.cl/proyectos
  11. http://piensachile.com/2014/06/arboles-transgenicos-el-nuevo-y-nefasto-impulso-de-la-industria-forestal