World Rainforest Movement

Large Scale Monoculture Tree Plantations

These are typically large-scale, intensively managed, even-aged monoculture plantations, mostly exotic trees like fast-growing eucalyptus, pine (in mountain regions) and acacia species, but also rubber and oil palm, all destined for industrial processes to produce paper, palm oil and rubber products. Oil palm plantations, here included as tree plantations for having the same characteristics as the others – FAO considers them as agricultural crops – have been notorious direct drivers of tropical deforestation, especially in countries like Indonesia and Malaysia.


You can find more specific information on each type of plantations here


Articles from the WRM Bulletin

Books and Briefings


Other Relevant Information