World Rainforest Movement

Large Scale Monoculture Tree Plantations

These are typically large-scale, intensively managed, even-aged monoculture plantations, mostly exotic trees like fast-growing eucalyptus, pine (in mountain regions) and acacia species, but also rubber and oil palm, all destined for industrial processes to produce paper, palm oil and rubber products. Oil palm plantations, here included as tree plantations for having the same characteristics as the others – FAO considers them as agricultural crops – have been notorious direct drivers of tropical deforestation, especially in countries like Indonesia and Malaysia.


You can find more specific information on each type of plantations here


Around the World

Articles from the WRM Bulletin

Books and Briefings


Other Relevant Information


  • This is not sustainable

    Posted on March 20, 2015

    This two-minutes video is a rebuttal of the one-minute video produced by FAO for International Day of Forests. The video aims to challenge the FAO video for March 21, which narrowly and erroneously views forests as if they were a...

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  • Oil Palm in Africa. Voices from the communities

    Posted on September 13, 2013

    Industrial oil palm plantations are rapidly expanding, not only in Liberia. In many African countries expansion projects are happening and plans are announced. Everywhere they go, the companies promise jobs and development. Produced by the...

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  • Short animation – Let’s define forests by their true meaning

    Posted on February 16, 2011

    Also available in: Afrikaans, Aymara, Catala, Chinese, Dutch, Finish, German, Bosnian, Italian, Maori, Mapuche, Maya Kaqchikel, Maya Popti, Maya Tseltal, Maya Tsotsil, Swedish, Vietnamese and Zulu Following FAO’s criterion for the...

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  • Defend Life!

    Posted on September 11, 2009

    Animation about the differences to local people between a forest and a tree plantation. Produced by the World Rainforest Movement Created by Flavio Pazos If you have troubles watching the video, try using Chrome You can download the...

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