World Rainforest Movement

Large Scale Monoculture Tree Plantations

These are typically large-scale, intensively managed, even-aged monoculture plantations, mostly exotic trees like fast-growing eucalyptus, pine (in mountain regions) and acacia species, but also rubber and oil palm, all destined for industrial processes to produce paper, palm oil and rubber products. Oil palm plantations, here included as tree plantations for having the same characteristics as the others – FAO considers them as agricultural crops – have been notorious direct drivers of tropical deforestation, especially in countries like Indonesia and Malaysia.


You can find more specific information on each type of plantations here


Articles from the WRM Bulletin

Books and Briefings


Other Relevant Information


  • Video: Violence and sexual abuse against women in oil palm plantations MUST END

    Posted on November 24, 2020

    The video “NO to violence against women and girls living in and around oil palm plantations” denounces the violence against women in West and Central Africa whose lands have been invaded by industrial oil palm plantations.

    read more
  • Impacts of monoculture tree plantations

    Posted on September 27, 2019

    Testimonies from the meeting “Threats and Impacts of Genetically Engineered Trees (GE-trees) Monoculture”, that took place in Porto Alegre, Brazil, in April 2019.

    read more
  • What are GE-trees?

    Posted on September 27, 2019

    Anne Petermann, coordinator of the global Stop GE-Trees Campaign, explains what Genetically Engineered trees are, the risks, uncertainties and context.

    read more
  • Plantations Are Not Forests – Testimonies from Acre, Brazil

    Posted on September 27, 2019

    Dercy Teles, from the rubber tapper movement, and Lindomar Padilha, from Conselho Indigenista Missionário (CIMI) – Acre, explain why monoculture tree plantations are not forests.

    read more
  • Video: Testimonies of Resistance – 21 September

    Posted on September 17, 2019

    Three testimonies of resistance from Brasil, 2019.

    read more
  • Song: Plantations are not Forests!

    Posted on September 26, 2018

    A song by By Ajele Sunday, Nigerian artist. His community suffer land grabbing from oil palm companies. Listen to the song.

    read more
  • Video: Ten Replies to Ten Lies about Tree Plantations

    Posted on September 28, 2017

    This new short video, made by Global Justice Ecology and Project and Stop Genetically Engineered Trees, summarizes the ten top lies of the timber and pulp industries in their justification of destroying native forests for the expansion of...

    read more
  • 21 September | Videos: Plantations are not forests!!

    Posted on September 10, 2017

    WRM releases five short videos which shows why industrial tree plantations are not forests. The first one is about the impacts of large-scale tree plantations in general. The other remaining four focus on specific topics: oil palm...

    read more
  • This is not sustainable

    Posted on March 20, 2015

    This two-minutes video is a rebuttal of the one-minute video produced by FAO for International Day of Forests. The video aims to challenge the FAO video for March 21, which narrowly and erroneously views forests as if they were a...

    read more
  • Oil Palm in Africa. Voices from the communities

    Posted on September 13, 2013

    Industrial oil palm plantations are rapidly expanding, not only in Liberia. In many African countries expansion projects are happening and plans are announced. Everywhere they go, the companies promise jobs and development. Produced by the...

    read more
  • Short animation – Let’s define forests by their true meaning

    Posted on February 16, 2011

    Also available in: Afrikaans, Aymara, Catala, Chinese, Dutch, Finish, German, Bosnian, Italian, Maori, Mapuche, Maya Kaqchikel, Maya Popti, Maya Tseltal, Maya Tsotsil, Swedish, Vietnamese and Zulu Following FAO’s criterion for the...

    read more
  • Defend Life!

    Posted on September 11, 2009

    Animation about the differences to local people between a forest and a tree plantation. Produced by the World Rainforest Movement Created by Flavio Pazos If you have troubles watching the video, try using Chrome You can download the...

    read more